„But beyond this stage, I think there will finally be an agreement… and do you think the British government will be prepared to get one that guarantees mutual benefits,“ he said in an interview with the Guardian and five other European newspapers in Rome. The ratification guarantees an orderly exit of the UK from the EU, thus avoiding a scenario of a pitfall in bilateral relations between the EU and the UK on 31 January. In any case, the authorities and institutions of the EU and Italy had been working to ensure adequate preparation for a possible Brexit without a deal. In Italy, Chapter II, Section I, of Decree 22 of 25 March 2019 provided for conditional transitional measures to ensure the operational continuity of intermediaries and markets in the event of a Brexit without a deal, which was then transformed into law and amended by Parliament (Law 41 of 20 May 2019, published in the Gazzetta Ufficiale of 24 May 2019). These measures are not applicable because of the ratification of the withdrawal agreement. On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom notified the European Union of its intention to withdraw from the EU (Brexit). The EU and the UK then conducted complex negotiations and finally reached an agreement on 17 October 2019. On 29 October 2019, the European Council extended to 31 January 2020 the deadline set for Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union for the conclusion of the withdrawal (the initial deadline was 29 March 2019, two years after notification of the withdrawal, first until 12 April and then until 31 October). In practice, this means that during the transitional period, EU rules on free movement and social security coordination will continue to apply to Italian citizens in the UK and British citizens in Italy.
Although British citizens have not been EU nationals in Italy since the date of release and Italian citizens in the UK no longer apply the rules of free movement in that country, they enjoy the same rights as they enjoy under EU free movement legislation. This means that, on 1 February 2020, the free movement rights of citizens living in Italy and the United Kingdom (and their family members) have not changed. Similarly, Italian and British nationals (and their family members) who are not currently settled in the United Kingdom or Italy have the right, in the exercise of their rights under directive 2004/38/EC, to travel and settle in Italy during the transitional period. Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte has called on the British government to get by as part of a Brexit deal, while acknowledging that it is „difficult to be optimistic“ amid legal disputes over the withdrawal deal. The ratification of the UK`s withdrawal agreement from the European Union (EU) was completed on 30 January 2020. From 1 February 2020, the UK will no longer be a member of the European Union, but the agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time EU legislation will also apply to the UK, including access to the financial services market. During this period, the European Union and the United Kingdom will negotiate an agreement on their future bilateral relations, the outline of which is outlined in the political declaration on the withdrawal agreement.